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Thread: Useful Tips for newbies go here

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    Useful Tips for newbies go here

    hi all.. i used to note down all my findings.. here r some. most of them may be from kubuntu and ubuntu forums but they r not consolidated. a must hav for newbies... sorry for some repeating posts. hope its useful.. ill keep updating new findings in this topic. ur comments r welcome

    Mounting Windows Partitions in Ubuntu
    ------------------------------------------------------

    http://www.psychocats.net/linux/mountwindows.php


    linux beginers
    ------------------------------

    http://www.linuxcommand.org/
    http://www.ubuntuforums.org/showthre...line+beginners
    http://linuxreviews.org/beginner/#toc1


    setting PATH and JAVA_HOME variables
    -------------------------------------------------------------
    Code:
    open: VI /etc/profile and add :
    #path variable for java
    export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java/jdk1.5.0_04
    export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
    apt-get tutorials
    -------------------------

    http://newbiedoc.sourceforge.net/sys...get-intro.html


    kubuntu 5.10 breezy
    -----------------------
    http://ftp.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/UBUNTU-...stall-i386.iso

    install flash player
    -----------------------
    http://kubuntu101.blogspot.com/2005/...sh-player.html

    install wine
    -------------------------
    http://kubuntu101.blogspot.com/2005/...ling-wine.html

    install kubuntu step by step
    --------------------------------
    http://whoiam55.at.preempted.net/?p=18

    debian commands
    -----------------
    http://www.debianhelp.co.uk/pkgadm.htm

    install firefox
    -------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/FirefoxNewVersion

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=105343


    Alt-F2
    Code:
    konsole
    Once the Konsole opens up:
    Code:
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install firefox

    install realplayer
    --------------------
    http://kubuntuforums.net/forums/index.php?topic=2882.0

    install software in ubuntu
    -----------------------------
    http://www.psychocats.net/linux/installingsoftware.php

    checking disk space
    -----------------------
    Code:
    df -h will give you a human view (with GB, MB, and KB)
    checking your ip address
    --------------------------------------
    Code:
    ifconfig
    windows to linux
    ------------------
    http://www.linuxrsp.ru/win-lin-soft/table-eng.html

    bittorrent
    ----------------------
    Code:
    azereus
    firewall
    ----------------
    Code:
    firestarter
    IDE Ot
    --------------
    Code:
    kdevelop
    http://www.ogre3d.org/wiki/index.php...u_Install_here

    to build essential packages
    -------------------------------------------
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install build-essential
    automatix
    unrar

    changing host name
    ------------------------------
    Code:
    sudo vi /etc/hosts
    install vlc
    -----------------
    Code:
    first, edit your sources.list by:
    Code:
    sudo kwrite /etc/apt/sources.list
    and uncomment (fancy word for removing the # signs) the lines starting with deb. It should now look like:
    Code:
    ## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe'
    ## repository.
    ## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
    ## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
    ## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
    ## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
    ## team.
    deb http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy universe
    deb-src http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy universe
    Now, run
    Code:
    sudo apt-get update
    and
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install vlc
    Now, if you want a better looking front-end (not that the default is ugly, but some people are impressionate)
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install qvlc
    changing host name
    ------------------------------
    http://www.cpqlinux.com/hostname.html

    wine and media player repository
    -------------------------------------------------
    Code:
    First of all use WINE from wineHq not the one in the ubuntu repository.
    
    Add this to your sources.list:
    deb http://wine.sourceforge.net/apt/ binary/
    
    Then install wine.
    
    I would also recomend installing IE6 and Windows Media player with the Sidenet Configuration Utility, which can be found at:
    http://sidenet.ddo.jp/winetips/config.html

    Code:
    It will give you a good start at getting a correctly setup fake windows directory.
    test wine
    --------------
    Code:
    $ cd /windows (or whereever the Windows drive is)
    $ cd WINDOWS (or possibly WINNT)
    $ wine notepad.exe
    repositories
    -------------------------
    Code:
    deb http://kubuntu.org/packages/kde35 breezy main
    deb ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/ubuntu breezy main restricted
    deb ftp://ubuntu.mirrors.tds.net/ubuntu breezy universe
    deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy universe multiverse
    deb http://kubuntu.org/packages/kde35 breezy main
    deb http://packages.freecontrib.org/ubuntu/plf/ breezy free non-free
    deb ftp://ubuntu.mirrors.tds.net/ubuntu breezy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted universe
    deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe
    deb ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted
    
    deb-src ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/ubuntu breezy main restricted
    deb-src ftp://ubuntu.mirrors.tds.net/ubuntu breezy universe
    deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy universe multiverse
    deb-src http://packages.freecontrib.org/ubuntu/plf/ breezy free non-free
    deb-src ftp://ubuntu.mirrors.tds.net/ubuntu breezy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted
    deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe
    deb-src ftp://mirror.mcs.anl.gov/pub/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted
    other repositories and ubuntu starter guide
    --------------------------------------------------------------
    http://easylinux.info/wiki/Ubuntu#Ho...a_repositories

    root sudo
    ----------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/RootSudo#head-6357ee1f3ec93078a7d7cbc2c627208117e9499d

    Code:
    $ sudo <command>
    is the same as
    # <command>
    create new user
    --------------------------
    Code:
    kdesu systemsettings
    sudo useradd -m -p <password> <login>
    quick restart
    --------------------
    Code:
    For quicker rebooting, press ctrl + alt + backspace. This stops the X server. To start it back up, type startx. Just thought I'd throw that in there to speed up your troubleshooting process...
    reconfigure xserver
    ----------------------------
    Code:
    sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg
    install automatix
    -----------------------------
    Code:
    sudo apt-get remove automatix-kubuntu
    sudo apt-get install xterm libglade2-0 libgnomecanvas2-0
    wget http://kambing.vlsm.org/ubuntu/pool/...untu1_i386.deb
    sudo dpkg -i zenity_2.10.0-0ubuntu1_i386.deb
    wget http://beerorkid.com/automatix/automatix_5.0-2_i386.deb
    sudo dpkg -i automatix_5.0-2_i386.deb
    
    Please note: To remove softwares installed by automatix, visit the following thread:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=90797
    
    To uninstall Automatix, do the following from terminal:
    Code:
    
    sudo apt-get remove automatix
    sources.list generator
    ---------------------------------
    http://www.ubuntulinux.nl/source-o-matic

    video codecs
    --------------------
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-plugins
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-lame
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-ffmpeg
    sudo apt-get install w32codecs
    sudo apt-get install libdivx4linux
    sudo apt-get install lame
    sudo apt-get install sox
    sudo apt-get install ffmpeg
    sudo apt-get install mjpegtools
    sudo apt-get install vorbis-tools
    gst-register-0.8
    install and run azureus
    ----------------------------------
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=75272

    linux file system guide
    -------------------------------
    http://www.neowin.net/forum/index.php?showtopic=260796

    install netbeans
    ------------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Netbeans4%2e1onAMD64

    reinstall grub / lilo
    --------------------------
    Code:
    sudo apt-get remove grub --purge
    sudo apt-get install grub
    install mplayer
    ------------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MplayerInstallHowto

    about codecs
    ---------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/RestrictedFormats#head-848295cba1b3591a4b4a0dbea5844fd5d2894b6b

    help
    --------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/HowToGetHelp
    http://help.ubuntu.com/
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UserDocumentation
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/
    http://users.bigpond.net.au/hermanzone/

    install mySQL
    -----------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MYSQL5FromSource

    shortcuts
    ----------------
    Code:
    press ctrl + alt + esc to get a skull icon and use it to click on any application u want to terminate
    
    press ctrl + esc to open kde sys guard to list all the running process. u can also terminate unwanted processes
    sites
    ----------
    http://www.tinyapps.org/internet.html
    http://www.freedownloadscenter.com/

    linux sites
    --------------
    http://linuxcommand.org/learning_the_shell.php
    http://www.ss64.com/bash/

    hope this continues
    cheers
    Sriram
    Last edited by Snowhog; Oct 21st 2015 at 02:52 AM.

  2. Back To Top    #2
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    Re: Useful tips to newbies

    install automatix
    -----------------------------
    sudo apt-get remove automatix-kubuntu
    sudo apt-get install xterm libglade2-0 libgnomecanvas2-0
    wget http://kambing.vlsm.org/ubuntu/pool/...untu1_i386.deb
    sudo dpkg -i zenity_2.10.0-0ubuntu1_i386.deb
    wget http://beerorkid.com/automatix/automatix_5.0-2_i386.deb
    sudo dpkg -i automatix_5.0-2_i386.deb

    Please note: To remove softwares installed by automatix, visit the following thread:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=90797

    To uninstall Automatix, do the following from terminal:
    Code:

    sudo apt-get remove automatix

    sources.list generator
    ---------------------------------
    http://www.ubuntulinux.nl/source-o-matic

    video codecs
    --------------------
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-plugins
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-lame
    sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-ffmpeg
    sudo apt-get install w32codecs
    sudo apt-get install libdivx4linux
    sudo apt-get install lame
    sudo apt-get install sox
    sudo apt-get install ffmpeg
    sudo apt-get install mjpegtools
    sudo apt-get install vorbis-tools
    gst-register-0.8

    install and run azureus
    ----------------------------------
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=75272

    linux file system guide
    -------------------------------
    http://www.neowin.net/forum/index.php?showtopic=260796

    install netbeans
    ------------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Netbeans4%2e1onAMD64

    reinstall grub / lilo
    --------------------------
    sudo apt-get remove grub --purge
    sudo apt-get install grub

    install mplayer
    ------------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MplayerInstallHowto

    about codecs
    ---------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/RestrictedFo...844fd5d2894b6b

    help
    --------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/HowToGetHelp
    http://help.ubuntu.com/
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UserDocumentation
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/
    http://users.bigpond.net.au/hermanzone/

    install mySQL
    -----------------------
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MYSQL5FromSource

    shortcuts
    ----------------
    press ctrl + alt + esc to get a skull icon and use it to click on any application u want to terminate

    press ctrl + esc to open kde sys guard to list all the running process. u can also terminate unwanted processes

    sites
    ----------
    http://www.tinyapps.org/internet.html
    http://www.freedownloadscenter.com/

    linux sites
    --------------
    http://linuxcommand.org/learning_the_shell.php
    http://www.ss64.com/bash/

    cheers
    Sriram

  3. Back To Top    #3
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    Re: My greatest post ever *dont miss*

    Vote for sticky/announcement...

    or even the admin can give Sriram a sub-domain and we all can help him out to make a good intermediates guide...

    I vote for subdomain.. Guys?
    Subdomain => http://info.kubuntuforums.net (Suggested)

    Prav.
    Truly the coolezzzt 8) 8) 8) 8)<br />The bloglines of an AngrY IndiaN

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    Re: Useful Tips for newbies go here

    Retrive Harddisk Information
    ------------------------------------

    Code:
    sudo fdisk -l
    df -h
    Rerive RAM status
    ------------------------

    Code:
    top
    free -m
    vmstat
    Edit GRUB bootloader
    -----------------------------

    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/GrubHowto/ChangeDefaultOS

    This is a very good guide to install JRE for firefox
    --------------------------------------------------------------

    http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/142

    Hoe to backup CD content as an .iso image
    --------------------------------------------------------

    Code:
    Open up a terminal window into this window type: dd if=/dev/cdrom of=$HOME/cdrom_image.iso
    
    I'll now explain what this all means in the key below
    
    dd - disk duplicate
    if - input file
    of- output file
    $HOME - system variable that points to your user directory.
    
    Ps:Change cdrom_image to what ever you want the iso to be called.
    Create VCD
    ----------------
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install vcdimager cdrdao
    sudo apt-get install avidemux
    sudo apt-get install k3b
    Then use k3b to creat VCD
    REstore GRUB if MBR fails
    ---------------------------------------
    Code:
    Restore GRUB quite simple in Ubuntu, instead going through all the "gain root access" and play with shell commands, you can use the Ubuntu installation CD to restore it without going through all kinds of hassles.
    
    Here are the steps:
    
    1. Boot your computer up with Ubunto CD
    2. Go through all the process until you reech "[!!!] Disk Partition"
    3. Select Manual Partition
    4. Mount your appropriate linux partions
    
    /
    /boot
    swap
    .....
    
    5. DO NOT FORMAT THEM.
    6. Finish the manual partition
    7. Say "Yes" when it asks you to save the changes
    8. It will give you errors saying that "the system couldn't install ....." after that
    9. Ignore them, keep select "continue" until you get back to the Ubuntu installation menu
    10. Jump to "Install Grub ...."
    11. Once it is finished, just restart your computer
    Monitor resolution
    ---------------------------
    http://www.ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=83973

    Terminal output to text file
    --------------------------------------
    Code:
    You can redirect a command using >
    For example: $ ls > ls.txt drops the output of ls to a file ls.txt in the current directory.
    install plugins for realplayer and mplayer
    -----------------------------------------------------------
    http://zerlinna.blogspot.com/2005/10...-iv-and-v.html

    ubuntu packages
    --------------------------
    http://packages.ubuntu.com/breezy/

    crreate shortcut to files and folders
    -----------------------------------------------------
    For folder
    ------------
    Code:
    ln -s /windows/Sriram ~/Desktop/Sri
    For File
    ---------

    Code:
    ln /windows/Sriram/linux.txt ~/Desktop/lin
    unofficial ubuntu guide
    -------------------------------
    http://easylinux.info/wiki/Ubuntu

    tar command basics
    --------------------------
    http://kubuntu101.blogspot.com/2005/...r-command.html

    XPde (Gives Windows XP look to Kubuntu)
    ------------------------------------------------------

    http://www.gnulinux.de/modules.php?n...rticle&sid=175
    http://www.xpde.com/forums/viewtopic.php?t=209

  5. Back To Top    #5
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    Re: Useful Tips for newbies go here

    create executable jar files
    -----------------------------------------
    http://bobcat.webappcabaret.net/javachina/faq/jar.htm

  6. Back To Top    #6
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    Re: Useful Tips for newbies go here

    Everyone Please note.

    I have removed some replies from this thread, It's a nice post, Please only post relevant posts.

    If you have any question please feel free to start a new topic, you can give a reference to this post.

    Cheers!


    cheers!
    -=|From the desk of|=-
    «•´`•.(*•.¸(`•.¸ ¸.•´)¸.•*).•´`•»
    «•´¨*•.¸¸whoiam55.¸¸.•*¨`•»
    «•´`•.(¸.•´(¸.•* *•.¸)`•.¸).•´`•»
    Reg. Linux User # 400637

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    Re: Useful Tips for newbies go here

    How to set up Windows as default OS in BOOT LOADER (kubuntu is the default OS)

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.p...+xp+default+os

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.p...+xp+default+os

  9. Back To Top    #9
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    Re: Useful Tips for newbies go here



    DO NOT GET DISCOURAGED BECAUSE A LOT OF WHAT YOU READ IS UBUNTU, SAME THING JUST DIFFERENT FRONT END, AS MOST OF THE HOW-TO'S AND ARTICLES YOU WILL READ CAN BE USED BY KUBUNTU 99% OF THE TIME!!!
    Richard Johnson [SIZE=&quot;1&quot;](nixternal)[/SIZE]<br />[SIZE=&quot;1&quot;]Core Developer :: MOTU :: MOTU Council :: Community Council[/SIZE]<br />[SIZE=&quot;1&quot;]https://launchpad.net/~nixternal[/SIZE]<br />[SIZE=&quot;1&quot;]http://www.nixternal.com[/SIZE]

  10. Back To Top    #10
    proteus71

    Re: Useful Tips for newbies go here


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